As per the legends, Singapore was part of the Srivijayan Empire in the 13th century. In 1819, Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles and at that time he declared Singapore as a free port with no duties charged on trade. The policy drew the traders from wide and far and turned Singapore into one of Asia’s busiest port. When World War 2 come up, Singapore was seen as the dreadful British base with many naval defenses guarding against assault by the sea. However, to the surprise, Japanese chose to cross Malaya by bicycle. Despite with every effort to hold the Japanese, Singapore surrendered on 1942 with less than a week of fighting. Japan lasted for approximately four years with British return in the year 1945. After the war, Singapore was called as the British colony.